Low-Cost Antiseptics in Periodontal Therapy- A Review Article
Periodontitis is a major health problem in low-income populations. Low-income individuals in developing countries tend to demonstrate a high level of risk factors for periodontal disease and are at increased risk of developing severe periodontitis and even potentially fatal oral infections such as noma (cancrum oris). Successful periodontal healthcare of low-income populations must be based upon affordable professional therapy and self-care techniques with proven efficacy and safety. Antiseptics are broad-spectrum microbicidal agents that are applied topically onto living tissue to prevent or treat clinical infections caused by bacteria and viruses.1 The high degree of safety allows frequent and broad use of antiseptics in periodontal treatment. Antiseptics when used together with subgingival scaling are more effective than scaling alone in reducing periodontal pathogens and in improving clinical attachment and alveolar bone mass.