International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science <p><strong>International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science&nbsp;</strong>is an official peer-reviewed journal published Quarterly, with a total of 4 issues a year. The journal aims to publish high-quality articles in the field of Drug Research and Dental science. Original articles, review articles, short communications, and letters to the editor in Drug and Dental are accepted. All articles published in this journal represent the opinion of the authors and not reflect the official policy of the International Journal of Drug Research and Dental science (IJDRD). All papers are subjected to double-blinded peer-review.&nbsp;</p> en-US International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science 2582-0826 Model of Early Childhood Dental Health Care as an Effort to Improve the Dental Health Status of Early Childhood in Dental Clinics <p><strong>Background:</strong> The main problem of dental and oral health in early childhood is caries, it is proven that the prevalence of dental health in children aged 5-6 years is 92.6% with a def-t index of 8.43. Prevention efforts with promotive and preventive efforts through dental health care. The model of early childhood dental health care is a modification of general dental health care. This model is oriented towards promotive and preventive efforts with a behavioral approach, so that in addition to fulfilling clinical dental health problems, early childhood is trained to be independent in maintaining dental health, especially brushing their teeth.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> This study used a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest with control group design. The research subjects for early childhood were divided into 2 groups: 1. The intervention model of early childhood dental health care 2. The model of care according to Kepmenkes No. 284 as control. The data were tested using paired sample t-test/ Wilcoxon analysis, namely the pre-post design, while to compare the mean of the treatment and control groups, the independent t-test/Mann Whitney was used.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of the difference in knowledge test showed that the p-values between the intervention group and the control group were knowledge p = 0.000 (p &lt; 0.05), independence in brushing teeth p = 0.000 (p &lt; 0.05) and dental hygiene status p = 0.000 (p &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The application of the model of early childhood dental health care is more effective as an effort to improve the dental health status of early childhood in the dental clinic.</p> Indrayati Fadjeri Tedi Purnama Widi Nurwanti Sekar Restuning Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science 2022-12-06 2022-12-06 4 4 1 8 10.36437/ijdrd.2022.4.4.A Dental Anxiety Stress and Depression: A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire-based Study to Assess the Various Trigger Factors Which May Lead to Dental Anxiety <p><strong>Background:</strong> This study investigated the experiences of different patients visiting a dental office. The study noted the different types of stimuli and triggering factors causing dental anxiety. The sample consists of individuals of different ages, sex, occupation, and anxiety levels were examined by the procedure undergone by the patients.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A total of 220 patients participated in the study (100 Females and 120 Males). The study constituted a series of questions in a questionnaire form which was filled out during Pre-treatment and Post-treatment.</p> <p>The DASS 21 study was included in the questionnaire to examine the levels of Anxiety, Depression, etc. Questions were also asked about factors that may increase (sound of drill and suction) or decrease (counselling by the doctor) the level of dental phobia.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Maximum patients experienced dental anxiety before treatment plans which include RCT, Tooth Extraction, Follow-ups, etc. 52.2% of the sample experienced mild anxiety Pre-treatment. The most common reason for the elevated level of anxiety include Fear of pain, Injections, the sound of drill and suction, etc. (Aggravating factor)</p> <p>The relieving factors include counselling by the doctors. A maximum percentage of the sample claim to have commenced with dental anxiety due to unknown reasons.</p> <p>The physical manifestations which were experienced by the patients include Headache, Palpitations, Sweating, etc.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Maximum percentage of the sample experienced mild to moderate levels of dental anxiety. Various reasons for dental anxiety were given by the patients which most commonly include, Fear of pain. The step which should be undertaken to relieve dental anxiety, as suggested by the patients includes counselling by the doctors.</p> <p>From the study thus conducted, it is evident that dental anxiety is prevalent amongst maximum patients visiting a dental office for the first time or even regularly. Some of the factors which should be considered to reduce dental anxiety amongst patients and also build healthy dentist-patient relations include:</p> <p>Dental office environment, Communication skills, Relaxation techniques, Distraction, Masking, sounds, Counselling by the doctors.</p> <p>It is very necessary to reduce the level of dental anxiety so as to build a healthy dentist-patient relationship. All the necessary steps must be undertaken to prevent/minimize dental anxiety.</p> Srujan Magar Deepak Vikhe Gowri Pendyala Swaroopkumar Magar Milind Jagdale Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science 2022-12-24 2022-12-24 4 4 17 24 10.36437/ijdrd.2022.4.4.C Dental Comorbid Education Design of Supporting Cognitive Dental Health in People with Chronic Diseases <p><strong>Background: </strong>Dental and oral health services as an integral part of overall health services have set indicators of optimal community dental and oral health status in 2010, which refer to WHO's Oral Health Global Goal Indicator 2010. WHO considers that dental and oral disease is one of the diseases that commonly develops in people around the world. People with chronic diseases are one of the high risk groups. Chronic disease is a health problem that lasts a long time, usually more than 1 year. Most chronic diseases are caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. This type of disease is often not realized until the condition is already severe, and often leads to death. The purpose of this research is to develop a Dental Comorbid Education Design of Supporting Cognitive Dental Health in People with Chronic Diseases.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods: </strong>This research method uses research and development methods (Research and Development (RnD)). The steps that must be followed to produce a product include the potential and problem stages, data collection, product design, design validation, product design revisions, product trials, product revisions, usage trials, product revisions, and mass production.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of statistical tests using Wilcoxon to determine the significance of changes in the pre-post knowledge variable obtained a sig value of 0.000 and Z -4.284 which can be interpreted as a significant result.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Comorbid dental education design of supporting cognitive dental health in people with chronic diseases is effective in increasing the knowledge of people with chronic diseases.</p> Nia Daniati Muhammad Fiqih Sabilillah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 4 25 32 10.36437/ijdrd.2022.4.4.D Attached Giniva- A Reliable Factor to Cling-To: Review Article <p>Attached gingiva plays an important role in periodontal health. It is a topic of interest among dental professionals and dentists. All the specialties in dentistry deal with attached gingiva in their daily treatment procedures.</p> <p>The attached gingiva is the part of the gingiva which is tightly attached to the underlying periosteum of the alveolar bone. Attached gingiva extending from the free margin of the gingiva to the mucogingival line minus the pocket or sulcus depth measured with a thin probe in the absence of inflammation. The significance of attached gingiva can be viewed from various specialties of dentistry like orthodontics, pedodontics, prosthodontics, etc. Adequate width of attached gingiva is necessary to prevent plaque accumulation and gingival recession. 2 mm of attached gingiva is necessary for periodontal health. It is a part of keratinized gingiva and helps to increase resistance to external injury and contribute to the stabilization of the gingival margin against frictional force. The firmness characteristic of attached gingiva is because of the connective tissue collagenous nature and due to its mucoperiosteum adherence. In order for the dentist to understand the attached gingiva various studies were conducted with appreciable findings. This article reviews the attached gingiva’s significance in dentistry.</p> D. M. Hemalatha Arjun. M. R Nanditha Chandran Ascharya. K. Sasi Anushka. K. S. Babu Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 4 4 9 16 10.36437/ijdrd.2022.4.4.B Treacher-Collins Syndrome: Case Reports with Familial Occurance <p>Treacher-Collins syndrome is an autosomal dominant congenital disorder characterised by a range of features involving the underdevelopment of zygomatic complex, cheekbones, jaws, palate, and mouth.&nbsp; Others may present with malformation of the eyes including a downward slant of the opening between upper and lower eyelids and anomalies of the external and middle ear. Individuals diagnosed with TCS are considered at high risk for OSA due to micrognathia. This article presents a case report of two sisters who exhibited similar but varying presentations in terms of severity and aberrations.</p> Komal Kumia Bhawna Saini N Suriya Harneet Singh Ambika Gupta Suman Bisla Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 4 4 33 38 10.36437/ijdrd.2022.4.4.E