Corona (Covid19) Virus: A Global Threat and Dentistry Managements- A Mini-Review
Pneumonia kind of infection caused by coronavirus usually β-type has recently been found in the Wuhan city of China. Strains of this corona are found in bats of genome identity of 96.2% of Bat CoV RaTG13 (Bat type coronavirus). persons affected show symptoms like fever, cough, and sneeze that is likely to spread infections such as droplet inhalant transmission and contact transmissions. A dentist who is in clinical practise is more prone to exposure to face-to-face transmission and through saliva, blood, instruments used by patients, and body fluids. Dentists and patients can expose to infectious microorganisms like both bacteria and viruses especially corona virus-infected patients during dental procedures such as a contaminated instrument or through direct transmissions at dental clinics and hospitals during an outbreak of COVID19. All dental professionals should be aware of how to identify the infected patients and protective measures to be followed in clinics and hospitals to prevent the spread of this disease. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2(ACE2) is the key receptor used by this virus for spreading especially in oral cavity salivary ducts contain more of this enzyme so in dentistry, saliva is more prone to be exposed by a dentist through droplets or aerosols in which person to person transmissions or through contaminated instruments. Dental professionals play a pre-vital role in the prevention of spreading of the disease and a knowledge guide of precautionary measures that should be mandatory during dental procedures are briefly explained in this article.