The Effect of Two Heat Cure Soft Tissue Liners on Mandibular Ridge Resorption at Various Time Intervals after Complete Denture Insertion

  • Jyoti Bahl Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridges, Himachal Dental College Sundernagar, Mandi H.P., India.
  • Harvinder Singh Gill Department of Prosthodontics, Medical Officer, Dental CH Jogindernagar Distt Mandi H.P., India.
  • Nisha Kapoor Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridges, Himachal Dental College Sundernagar, Mandi H.P., India.
  • Archana Nagpal HOD, Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridges, Himachal Dental College Sundernagar, Mandi H.P., India.
  • Ramit Verma Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridges, Himachal Dental College Sundernagar, Mandi H.P, India.
Keywords: Complete Denture, Edentulous Ridge, Residual Ridge Resorption, Soft Liners

Abstract

The use of soft liners became popular in dentistry because they have many clinical advantages. These materials have the ability to help in the healing of the inflamed mucosa, distribute the functional load in the support area of the prostheses, and improve their adaptation and retention. The purpose of this study was to study the effect of two heat cure soft tissue liners on mandibular ridge resorption at time intervals of six months and one year after complete denture insertion.

Material and Method: 30 completely edentulous patients having well-formed ridges were selected as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A Randomization chart was used to enroll participants in two experimental and one control groups, who were given mandibular dentures with acrylic-based and silicone-based soft liners and without soft denture liners, respectively. Vertical measurements were made on an orthopantomograph and analysed using a digital caliper at five points, i.e., one at the central incisor and two points at the right and left first premolars, and two in each first molar region.

Result: for all tooth points a significant difference in mean values of bone loss is seen between the three groups, viz, control, acrylic, and silicon at different time intervals. At all the time intervals, at all tooth points, minimum bone loss was observed in Group C silicone-based, followed by Group B acrylic-based, and the highest bone loss was obtained in Group A. It was also observed that bone loss at 0 to 6 months was more in all cases, as compared to bone loss at 6 to 12 months.

Conclusion: The use of a soft denture liner significantly reduces the residual ridge resorption in complete denture wearers as compared to conventional denture wearers (without denture liner) over a period of one year of denture insertion.

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Published
2023-12-29
How to Cite
Bahl, J., Gill, H. S., Kapoor, N., Nagpal, A., & Verma, R. (2023). The Effect of Two Heat Cure Soft Tissue Liners on Mandibular Ridge Resorption at Various Time Intervals after Complete Denture Insertion. International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science, 5(4), 12-20. https://doi.org/10.36437/ijdrd.2023.5.4.C