Model of Early Childhood Dental Health Care as an Effort to Improve the Dental Health Status of Early Childhood in Dental Clinics
Background: The main problem of dental and oral health in early childhood is caries, it is proven that the prevalence of dental health in children aged 5-6 years is 92.6% with a def-t index of 8.43. Prevention efforts with promotive and preventive efforts through dental health care. The model of early childhood dental health care is a modification of general dental health care. This model is oriented towards promotive and preventive efforts with a behavioral approach, so that in addition to fulfilling clinical dental health problems, early childhood is trained to be independent in maintaining dental health, especially brushing their teeth.
Material and Methods: This study used a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest with control group design. The research subjects for early childhood were divided into 2 groups: 1. The intervention model of early childhood dental health care 2. The model of care according to Kepmenkes No. 284 as control. The data were tested using paired sample t-test/ Wilcoxon analysis, namely the pre-post design, while to compare the mean of the treatment and control groups, the independent t-test/Mann Whitney was used.
Results: The results of the difference in knowledge test showed that the p-values between the intervention group and the control group were knowledge p = 0.000 (p < 0.05), independence in brushing teeth p = 0.000 (p < 0.05) and dental hygiene status p = 0.000 (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The application of the model of early childhood dental health care is more effective as an effort to improve the dental health status of early childhood in the dental clinic.
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