International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science <p><strong>International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science&nbsp;</strong>is an official peer-reviewed journal published Quarterly, with a total of 4 issues a year. The journal aims to publish high-quality articles in the field of Drug Research and Dental science. Original articles, review articles, short communications, and letters to the editor in Drug and Dental are accepted. All articles published in this journal represent the opinion of the authors and not reflect the official policy of the International Journal of Drug Research and Dental science (IJDRD). All papers are subjected to double-blinded peer-review.&nbsp;</p> en-US (Yogesh Kumar) Mon, 09 May 2022 21:57:25 -0400 OJS 60 Effectiveness of Rosella Flower Extract (Hibiscus Sabdariffa L.) in Gel and Liquid form on the Growth of Streptococcus Mutans Bacteria <p><strong>Background:</strong> The most dominant bacteria in dental caries-causing plaque is Streptococcus mutans bacteria, which is a type of acid-producing bacteria that can damage teeth due to the fermentation reaction of carbohydrates including sucrose, fructose, and glucose. Inhibiting the growth of these bacteria is an alternative way to inhibit the growth of plaque so as to prevent dental and gum disease. One of the herbal plants that can be used as an alternative medicine as an anti-bacterial is rosella flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> The research design used is Experimental. The research was conducted from July to November 2021 at the Pharmacognosy Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy and Food Analysis, Poltekkes Kemenkes Jakarta II, and QLab, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Pancasila. The research sample was rosella flower extract in gel and liquid preparations in concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 30%. Data analysis using Repeated Measure Anova and Independent Sample Test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Rosella flower extract was effective in inhibiting the growth of streptococcal mutans bacteria, where the gel preparation had a p-value of 0.000 (p&lt;0.05) and a liquid preparation with a p-value of 0.003 (p&lt;0.05). The average zone of inhibition of the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria in gel preparations was greater than in liquid preparations in each concentration. The zone of inhibition for gel preparations at 30% concentration was 14.4 mm, while for liquid preparations it was 10.7 mm. The smallest inhibition zone was gel preparation at a concentration of 5% of 10.8 mm, while the smallest liquid preparation was at a concentration of 10% at 6.8 mm.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Rosella flower extract was effective in inhibiting the growth of streptococcus mutans bacteria and rosella flower extract in gel form was greater than liquid in inhibiting the growth of streptococcus mutans bacteria.</p> Vitri Nurilawaty, Dwi Priharti, Ai Emalia Sukmawati, Tedi Purnama Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Perceptions and Practice of Online Health Education Programs among Postgraduate Students of Public Health Dentistry in India <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Information technology has developed very rapidly in a short span and touched almost every aspect of social life thereby expanding and altering economic and social activities all over the world.<sup>1</sup> Information technology is being used in various aspects of health informatics from telemedicine to robot-assisted surgery. Tech-infused methods are integrated into the healthcare experience to enhance two key areas: accessibility and efficacy. It also has the potential to trim the burgeoning cost of the traditional healthcare scenario.<sup>2</sup></p> <p><strong>Aims and Objectives:</strong> To evaluate the perception and practice of postgraduate dental students in facilitating online health education using a self-administered questionnaire.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using an 18-item self-administered online questionnaire among postgraduate students of public health dentistry across India. A total of 312 subjects responded. Only completed questionnaires were included in the study. The first part of the questionnaire included demographic details like name, gender, age, and college of the study subjects and the second part consisted of 18 closed-ended questions assessing the perception and practice of virtual health education among postgraduate students of Public Health Dentistry.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Among the 312 study subjects who participated in the study, 62.5% were females and 37.5% were males. 95.2% of the study subjects were aware of the term dental informatics (p-value- 0.037). Among the study subjects, 26.2% strongly agreed and 64.4% agreed that informatics and technology is a useful alternative tools that can be used to provide health education (p-value-0.028). In the present study, 37.8% of the respondents use Zoom Cloud Meetings. 4.5% use Microsoft team, 9.3% use Google Meet, 20.2% of them use both Zoom Cloud Meetings and Google meet, 4.2% use all three (Zoom Cloud Meetings, Microsoft team, and Google Meet), 1.9% and 2.6% of them used other apps like Cisco Webex respectively (p-value-0.012). Among the respondents, 50.3% of them have provided online health education using audio-visual aid as the mode of presentation (p-value – 0.023).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Online health education programs have enabled the continuation of health education during these unprecedented times. According to the perception of post-graduates, online health education is effective and feasible compared to the conventional method of health education. The evaluation results revealed the usability of this system. This is a conspectus demonstration of perceptions and practice of online health education programs carried out by dental students.</p> Neethu Sreekumar, R. Murali, Shamala A, Mansi Yalamalli, Evan Cliff Rebello, Anagha Reji Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Impression Techniques for Tooth-Supported Fixed Partial Denture <p>The success of a fixed dental prosthesis depends on the accuracy of the impression that precisely records the prepared tooth, adjacent tooth, and soft tissues. Various types of impression materials are available for this purpose like alginate, agar, polyether, polysulfide, condensation silicone, and addition silicone. Marginal integrity and internal fit of restoration are of utmost importance for the longevity of the prosthesis. An ill-fitting margin may result in dentin hypersensitivity, dental caries, cement dissolution, plaque retention, and periodontal problems. Literature has described various impression techniques for making an impression of tooth-supported fixed partial dentures to produce duplications as accurately as possible. Each of these techniques has its own advantages and disadvantages. The objective of this article is to review the literature about various impression techniques for a tooth-supported fixed partial denture.</p> Priyanka Singh Raghav, Sabzar Abdullah, Geeta Rajput, Abhinav Gupta, Shaista Afroz Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Thu, 02 Jun 2022 03:06:45 -0400 Candidal Leukoplakia on Maxillary and Mandibular Alveolar Ridge in an Edentulous Patient: A Case Report <p>Since the evolution of mankind pathogens, diseases and injuries have been his true companion. Every part of the human body is vulnerable to getting affected by pathogens like bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungal infections; so the oral cavity is no such exception. The oral cavity is affected by many lesions, traumatic injuries, and moreover by many pathogenic infections. One such infection, occurring in the oral cavity is by a yeast-like fungus called, ‘Candida Albicans, and the infection occurring is called, ‘Oral candidiasis’. The older term for candidiasis is, ‘moniliasis’, which is not used nowadays. There are many clinical appearances of oral candidiasis, one of such forms is, ‘chronic hyperplastic candidiasis, also called ‘candidal leukoplakia’. This article reviews a case report about a candidal infection that occurred on maxillary and mandibular alveolar ridge in an edentulous patient.</p> Ullas Saxena Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Nifedipine Induced Gingival Enlargement –A Case Report <p>Gingival enlargement is one of the most important clinical findings in the clinical scenario. Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker used for the management of hypertension and angina. This article reports a case of a 32-year-old female who had a drug-induced gingival enlargement caused by Nifedipine and HMG-Co-A reductase. The purpose of this case report is to emphasise the need for dentists to be aware of the frequency of occurrence of drug Induced Gingival Enlargement.</p> Priyanka Tidke, Prashant Munde, Ambika Arora Tiwari, Yogesh G Rathod, Munitha G Naik Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Ossifying Fibroma of Maxilla: A Diagnostic Engima <p>Fibro-osseous lesions are a diverse group of processes that are characterized by the replacement of normal bone with fibrous tissue containing a newly formed mineralized product. Ossifying fibroma is a rare entity among the other type of fibro-osseous lesions which is a slow-growing, well-circumscribed benign tumor of bone that probably arise from the cells of the periodontal ligament. In the present case, the report discusses an 18-year-old female patient who reported painless swelling in the upper left back tooth with misleading clinical features.</p> Priya Singh, Upender Malik, Arpan Manna, Vaishali, Aiman Mahfooz Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Tobacco: A Brief Report and Recent Trends in Indian Scenario <p>This paper comprehensively encloses the various aspects of tobacco cessation along with its prevalence in particular reference to the Indian scenario., Genotoxicity associated with tobacco, and its effects on oral &amp; systemic health. Tobacco a manmade pandemic is a leading cause of death, killing nearly six million people worldwide each year. India is the second-largest consumer of tobacco globally, and accounts for approximately one-sixth of the world's tobacco-related deaths. The tobacco problem in India is untypical with the consumption of a variety of smokeless and smoking forms. To understand the tobacco problem in India. it's mandatory to understand the disparate prevalence of tobacco use at various geographical locations. For effective tobacco cessation, users should be made aware of the life-threatening effects of tobacco.</p> Shilpa Dutta Malik, Upender Malik, Jyoti Ravi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400