International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science 2020-09-14T12:57:41-04:00 Yogesh Kumar Open Journal Systems <p><em><strong>International Journal of Drug Research And Dental Science&nbsp;</strong>is an official peer-reviewed journal published Quarterly, with a total of 4 issues a year. The journal aims to publish high-quality articles in the field of Drug Research and Dental science. Original articles, review articles, short communications, and letters to the editor in Drug and Dental are accepted. All articles published in this journal represent the opinion of the authors and not reflect the official policy of the International Journal of Drug Research and Dental science (IJDRD). All papers are subjected to double-blinded peer-review.&nbsp;</em></p> Acknowledgement and Awareness of Child Abuse and Neglect in Dentist Perspective 2020-07-31T13:43:55-04:00 Nayira Johar M. K. Sunil Upender Malik Surangama Lehri Nida Shreen <p>Child abuse or neglect comprises all forms of physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, bullying, and cyberbullying, exploitation, child labour, trafficking, and other digital forms of exploitation which is potentially harmful to child development and health. In case of abuse injuries in the orofacial region can be easily diagnosed by the dentists. Therefore, its dentist’s duty to suspect, recognize, and later report the case. Including dental treatment behavior psychological management is necessary to achieve the urgent adoption of protective measures for the victim as well as adequate follow up to avoid the abuse in the future.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Story Behind the Beautify Smile: A Case Report 2020-07-31T13:38:07-04:00 Preeti Mishra Shalya Raj Rohit Ravinder Akanksha Jain <p>Solving esthetic problems in the anterior teeth is a challenge for the restorative dentist. For many years, full coverage restorations were the most highly preferred treatment for esthetic defects. However, such restorations are invasive and cause great loss of tooth structure. Enhancing and maintaining the life-like quality of the tooth is the story behind the beautiful smile. This article addresses the successful management of esthetic rehabilitation of anterior dentition using an all-ceramic crown and veneer.</p> 2020-07-31T13:31:08-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science An Overview of Oral Medicine and Radiology 2020-08-01T08:33:46-04:00 Tarun Vyas <p>Although oral medicine and radiology are speciality in many parts of the world it however 33 countries and 22 have post-graduate in oral medicine and radiology as speciality. Oral medicine is the speciality concerned with ‘dental’ and medical-related disorders of the oral and the facial region, including orofacial manifestations of systemic diseases. The latter include gastrointestinal, dermatological, rheumatological and haematological diseases, autoimmune and immunodeficiency disorders, and the manifestations of neurological or psychiatric disease. This review discusses the formation and growth of this oral medicine and radiology in India.</p> 2020-07-31T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Delivery of a Feeding Obturator in a New Born Child: A Case Report 2020-08-14T13:44:54-04:00 Mayank Trivedi Jay Mehta <p>Obturators are custom made plastic material that is made to fit the precise contour of the hard and the soft palate that extends onwards to seal off the mouth from the nasal cavity. Fabricated by an orthodontist or a prosthodontist, it requires frequent replacements as the baby grows and preferably given at 2-3 days after birth. Breastfeeding in a cleft baby is difficult although there are a few compromised techniques that are employed such as breastfeeding positions, compression technique, supplementer usage, and nipple shield alone or in combination. Once the obturator is delivered the child stops regurgitation or vomiting as the lining of the nasal cavity is protected. Breastfeeding is very essential as it also facilitates the proper development of jawbones and facial muscles and in order to do that feeding of a child since day one of birth is a very important pre-requisite that can be achieved by delivering an efficient palatal obturator.</p> 2020-08-14T13:44:53-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Dental Caries and Severity of Gingivitis Among 12-14 Year Old Children in a School of Vadodara District: A Cross-Sectional Study 2020-08-16T08:57:55-04:00 Pardasani Sapna A Parekh Sahaj R Jasuma Rai Patel Akshit P Nanavati Vishwa K <p><strong>Background:</strong> The dental caries and gingivitis are considered as one of the most prevalent diseases in the general population. If dental caries and gingivitis are assessed at an early age, it might prevent the risk of endodontic and periodontal diseases in the future. This intervention is effective, especially among teenagers. The aim of the study was to perceive the prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis in children aged 12 to 14 years residing in a rural area of Vadodara city.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> It is a cross-sectional observational study with a total sample size of 339 in a secondary school of Vadodara district. DMFT index and CPITN index were recorded with No. 23 explorer and CPITN-E probes respectively, and a mouth mirror (Instruments were autoclaved prior to use). One-way Anova test and student t-test were used for analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of dental caries amongst participants was found to be 97.7% and that of gingivitis was found to be 75% (approximately).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Children belonging to the Vadodara district have a high risk of getting an endodontic and periodontal infection in the future, indicating the need for oral health education and promotion.</p> 2020-08-16T08:51:09-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation Techniques 2020-08-19T00:01:51-04:00 Harvindersingh Gill Archana Nagpal Sharad Vaidya Vidushi Jindal <p>With the increased popularity of dental implant therapy for the replacement of missing teeth, a need arose for a method to provide patients with bony support for these implants in cases where alveolar ridges volume were insufficient for implant placement. The posterior region of the maxillary alveolar ridge is an ideal example with severe atrophy of ridge due to faster resorption and pneumatisation of the maxillary sinus. This often required sinus floor elevation and grafting. The techniques of sinus floor elevation started early in the 1970s as direct sinus lift to indirect sinus lift with osteotomes in the 1990s and recently computer-guided templates being used for this purpose. This article enumerates various techniques available for sinus floor elevation and their complications and management.</p> 2020-08-18T04:40:32-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Conservative Approach of a Severe Case of Osteoradionecrosis of the Mandible- Case Report 2020-08-22T13:16:53-04:00 Touil Dorsaf Hassouna Mariam El Ons Abdel Mouleh Yosri Oualha Lamia <p>Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaw is a severe, complex, and multifactorial complication of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancers. Most cases of ORN develop during the first 3 years with a peak between 6 months and 2 years after completion of RT however the patient is considered at risk of developing this condition many years later. The management of ORN is usually based on conventional medical care by focusing on comorbidity factors, However, in some refractory ORN cases, the condition requires extensive surgical resection. Based on the “the radiation-induced fibro-atrophic theory” introduced by Delanian, a new conservative approach of ORN seems to be promising by combining antioxidant agents: pentoxifylline and Tocopherol (PtxE) in the treatment of severe cases of ORN.</p> <p>The aim of this paper was to report the case of a severe case of ORN of the mandible stabilized by a conservative approach combining antibiotics, antiseptic agent as well as antioxidant therapy (PtxE), and to discuss the efficacy of this approach.</p> 2020-08-22T13:11:03-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Recent Advances in Oral Healthcare- A Review 2020-08-29T08:37:14-04:00 Deepak Sharma Shalini Chandel Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj Arun Singh Thakur Pravesh Jhingta Nishant Negi <p>Advances in technology have transformed the dentistry to optimize patient care and satisfaction. This has made dental care more efficient, comfortable, and accessible. Dentists continue to utilise high-quality treatment approaches which are more accurate, faster, and precise than traditional methods. Leading-edge equipment and technological researches will give oral health care providers more confidence and predictability, resulting in improved healthcare for their patients.</p> 2020-08-29T08:37:14-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science A Cost Effective and Simple Tooth Supported Overdenture with Custom Made Intra Coronal Attachments: A Case Report 2020-08-31T06:31:20-04:00 Avinash B Sagvekar Deepak Vikhe Sekharamantri Anuraga <p>Rehabilitation of a decimated dentition proper diagnosis, planning, and executing is probably one of the most knowledgeable and technically orienting tasks faced by a prosthodontist. Attachments are small interlocking devices, which connect both prostheses and abutments offering a variety of solutions for challenging balance between functional stability and cosmetic appearance. This clinical case report describes a multidisciplinary approach for complete oral rehabilitation of a patient with few remaining natural teeth using as a radicular attachment (Dalbo-stud attachments) for mandibular overdenture and maxillary overdenture is retained by cast metal copings (long coping).</p> 2020-08-31T06:31:20-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science Cryotherapy: An Emerging Trend in the Field of Endodontics 2020-09-04T01:11:19-04:00 Vandana Gade Digesh Barfiwala Reema Asani Rachana Gawande Jaykumar Gade <p>The field of endodontics is constantly evolving and changing to deliver the best possible treatment for the patient. There is a constant outlook for new and emerging therapies to make patient’s experience and dentist’s work as comfortable as possible. Cryotherapy is a long-standing approach that has been applied in various fields including endodontics. This review outlines the various application of cryotherapy in endodontics and also emphasizes the need for more research in this therapy in order to avail of the possible benefits of this technique in the treatment of other pulpal and periradicular diseases.</p> 2020-09-04T01:11:19-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science A Prognostic Model to Predict Nodal Metastasis in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients 2020-09-14T12:57:41-04:00 Rahul B. Patil Renu Yadav Saurabh L. Sabnis Sanjay G. Thete Deepak M. Vikhe <p><strong>Background:</strong> The incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is increasing globally and is a leading cause of death accounted for 8.8 million deaths. It is one of the most common cancers in the Indian male population. The survival rates have not improved significantly despite the advances in technology and treatment protocols. Difficulty in precise decision making on the necessity of surgery is a major problem when managing oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) with a clinically negative neck. Therefore, the use of clinical and histopathological parameters in combination would be important to improve patient management. This study is designed is an attempt to predict nodal metastasis by histopathological parameters.</p> <p><strong>Aim and Objective</strong></p> <ul> <li>The main objective is to develop a model that predicts the presence of nodal metastasis in patients with OSCC.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Material Methods</strong></p> <ul> <li>100 Patients faced neck dissections with buccal mucosa, vestibule, or complex &amp; tongue squamous cell carcinoma were selected from patients’ recorded between 2018 and 2020 were retrospectively studied, from archives of the Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Rural dental college, loni.</li> <li>Demographic data including age, gender, and clinical information such as the size of the tumor (T), primary site, and pathological factors such as (Pattern of invasion (POI), depth of invasion (DOI), and lymph node metastasis) were recorded.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Results and Conclusion:</strong> Results showed statistically significant associations between the status of nodal metastasis and each of the following four histopathological parameters individually: the size of the tumor (T), site, a pattern of invasion (POI), and Depth of invasion (DOI). This model showed that the probability of nodal metastasis is higher among tongue carcinoma with increasing POI, with increasing T, and with larger depths while other characteristics remained unchanged. The proposed model provides a way of using combinations of histopathological parameters to identify patients with higher risks of nodal metastasis for surgical management.</p> 2020-09-11T01:46:54-04:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Of Drug Research And Dental Science