Temporomandibular Disorders- A Brief Review

  • Tarun Vyas Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, R. R. Dental College & Hospital, Umarda, Udaipur Rajasthan, India.
  • Ravleen Nagi Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Swami Devi Dayal Hospital and Dental College, Barwala, Haryana, India.
Keywords: TMD, TMJ, Joint, Pain.


Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a collective term that embraces a number of clinical conditions that involve the masticatory musculature and/or temporomandibular (TM) joints and associated structures. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are examined from a biopsychosocial or illness perspective. It is considered that TMD share features with many common chronic pain conditions. Functional disturbances of the masticatory system can be as complicated as the system itself. Although numerous treatments have been advocated, the complex nature of TMD requires a multidisciplinary team.