Lymphangioma in Tongue- A Case Report with Review

  • Sameen RJ Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
  • Shri Hari TG Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
  • Bindushree V Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
  • Sai Sindhu V.K Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Keywords: Lymphangioma, Dorsum of Tongue, Hamartomatous Growth.

Abstract

Lymphangioma is a benign hamartomatous lesion caused by congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. This benign tumor is detected most commonly at birth or in early childhood but rarely in adults. On clinical examination, most lymphangiomas contain clear lymph fluid, but some may present as transparent vesicles containing red blood cells due to hemorrhage. In addition, lymphangioma may occur in association with hemangioma. This tumor occurs most commonly in the head and neck area but rarely in the oral cavity. The dorsum of the tongue is the most common location in the mouth, followed by the lips, buccal mucosa, soft palate, and floor of the mouth. There are various treatment approaches for lymphangioma, but surgical excision is the preferred method. We present a case of a 13-year-old girl with lymphangioma on the anterior dorsal part of the tongue, not associated with any dysfunction in mastication or speech disorders.

Published
2020-09-29